The Australian School Library Association (ASLA) states that Information Literacy is in principle:
The ability to process and use information effectively is a basic survival skill for those who wish to be successful learners in the 21st century. Learners, who are able to find, analyse, evaluate and ethically use information for a given purpose in a variety of formats are considered information literate. Read More..
Information Literacy is vital for developing an ability to find information as well as determine its validity and appropriateness. Here are some useful links for developing an ability to know the when, why, where, how to find, use and communicate information in an ethical manner:
Not everything we read and see on the internet is real, or unbiased and trustworthy!
Here are some resources to aid you in becoming web information literate, including a virtual training, how to read a web address, verify the validity of its publisher and history and also check its external links.
- Weblinks is specifically designed for secondary students and is highly recommended as an online database for quickly finding the best sites, approved by Australian teachers for use in research.
- Internet Detective is an interactive tutorial to aid secondary students in development of an understanding of advanced Internet skills such as discerning information quality, hints and tips about how to critically evaluate information, practical exercises and information about plagiarism, copyright and citation.
- Reading an URL is an exercise in critical thinking. Consider whether you recognise the domain name, what the extension may tell you about the website or its origins, and if the origins of the page you are using for information is from a personal page which may contain biased information. Click here to view a list of extensions and their intended entities and notes.
- The Digital Library ‘Wayback Machine‘ charts the history of a website and can reveal negative or misleading origins which may now be covered up. This is drawn from digital library of over 419 billion web pages archived from 1996 to a few months ago. Simply submit the address of the site you wish to research and browse the archived dates available.
- Whois – if you are unsure of the validity or appropriateness of content on a website it may be useful to search for the owner or publisher of the content on Whois. This site will detail the registrant’s contact name, organisation and possibly email address/contact details. Also consider:
- When was the site or page published?
- Are the site’s sources up to date?
- What are the author’s credentials?
- External Links are digital threads that come from other sites. Anyone in the world can create a link to a website from an external source, the website author has no control over this. Examining a website’s external links can be a good tool for determining whether the information on a website is valid. You can check who has linked to the site, why and gain perspective on the intent of the link. Here’s how to find a site’s external links.
– go to www.google.com
– type link: in the search box followed by the URL of the site you are researching (no spaces before or after the colon).
- The WA Department of Education provides information about information literacy, project based learning, information literacy models, and stages of the inquiry process. There are links to articles and procedures, including links to hoax sites which are useful in teaching how to evaluate websites.
- The Digital Citizenship website describes nine elements of the appropriate use of technology that define a responsible digital citizen.
Finding Information in your Library
The Dewey Decimal System of library classification helps you to locate books and publications in a library based on their subject. It is made up of 10 classes, each class having 10 divisions, each division having 10 sections. The classification uses three digit arabic numerals for main classes, followed by fractional decimals allowing expansion for further detail. Faith Lutheran College Library uses the Dewey Decimal System to organise our Non-Fiction collection.
Class 000 – Computer Science, Information & General Works
Class 100 – Philosophy and Psychology
Class 200 – Religion
Class 300 – Social Sciences
Class 400 – Language
Class 500 – Science
Class 600 – Technology
Class 700 – Arts & Recreation
Class 800 – Literature
Class 900 – History & Geography
Below are some links to games and other learning resources:
- Resources for Students and Teachers of the DDC has a downloadable multimedia tour of the Dewey Decimal System for children and adults.
- Shelver and Order in the Library Games give students the opportunity to sort book into order using their Dewey call number.
Want to know more about Information Literacy? The Australian and New Zealand Institute for Information Literacy (ANZIIL) have developed an information literacy framework that outlines what makes an information literate citizen.