INFORMATION LITERACY

The Australian School Library Association (ASLA) states that Information Literacy is in principle:

The ability to process and use information effectively is a basic survival skill for those who wish to be successful learners in the 21st century. Learners, who are able to find, analyse, evaluate and ethically use information for a given purpose in a variety of formats are considered information literate.  Read More..

Information Literacy is vital for developing an ability to find information as well as determine its validity and appropriateness. Here are some useful links for developing an ability to know the when, why, where, how to find, use and communicate information in an ethical manner:

Web Literacy

Not everything we read and see on the internet is real, or unbiased and trustworthy!

Here are a couple of fun examples of website with highly questionable content:
The Pacific North West Tree Octopus
Drop Bear, The Australian Museum

Here are some resources to aid you in becoming web information literate, including a virtual training, how to read a web address, verify the validity of its publisher and history and also check its external links.

  • Weblinks is specifically designed for secondary students and is highly recommended as an online database for quickly finding the best sites, approved by Australian teachers for use in research.
  • Internet Detective is an interactive tutorial to aid secondary students in development of an understanding of advanced Internet skills such as discerning information quality, hints and tips about how to critically evaluate information, practical exercises and information about plagiarism, copyright and citation.
  • Reading  an URL is an exercise in critical thinking. Consider whether you recognise the domain name, what the extension may tell you about the website or its origins, and if the origins of the page you are using for information is from a personal page which may contain biased information. Click here to view a list of extensions and their intended entities and notes.
  • The Digital Library ‘Wayback Machine‘ charts the history of a website and can reveal negative or misleading origins which may now be covered up. This is drawn from digital library of over 419 billion web pages archived from 1996 to a few months ago. Simply submit the address of the site you wish to research and browse the archived dates available.
  • Whois – if you are unsure of the validity or appropriateness of content on a website it may be useful to search for the owner or publisher of the content on Whois. This site will detail the registrant’s contact name, organisation and possibly email address/contact details. Also consider:
    • When was the site or page published?
    • Are the site’s sources up to date?
    • What are the author’s credentials?
  • External Links are digital threads that come from other sites. Anyone in the world can create a link to a website from an external source, the website author has no control over this. Examining a website’s external links can be a good tool for determining whether the information on a website is valid. You can check who has linked to the site, why and gain perspective on the intent of the link.  Here’s how to find a site’s external links.
    – go to www.google.com
     type link: in the search box followed by the URL of the site you are researching (no spaces before or after the colon).
  • The WA Department of Education provides information about information literacy, project based learning, information literacy models, and stages of the inquiry process. There are links to articles and procedures, including links to hoax sites which are useful in teaching how to evaluate websites.
  • The Digital Citizenship website describes nine elements of the appropriate use of technology that define a responsible digital citizen.
Finding Information in your Library

The Dewey Decimal System of library classification helps you to locate books and publications in a library based on their subject.  It is made up of 10 classes, each class having 10 divisions, each division having 10 sections. The classification uses three digit arabic numerals for main classes, followed by fractional decimals allowing expansion for further detail.  Faith Lutheran College Library uses the Dewey Decimal System to organise our Non-Fiction collection.

Class 000 – Computer Science, Information & General Works

Class 100 – Philosophy and Psychology

Class 200 – Religion

Class 300 – Social Sciences

Class 400 – Language

Class 500 – Science

Class 600 – Technology

Class 700 – Arts & Recreation

Class 800 – Literature

Class 900 – History & Geography

Below are some links to games and other learning resources:

Want to know more about Information Literacy? The Australian and New Zealand Institute for Information Literacy (ANZIIL) have developed an information literacy framework that outlines what makes an information literate citizen.